Diseases And Treatments For Dry Mouth

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Constipation, often known as Dry Mouth, is a condition in which your salivary glands are unable to produce enough saliva to keep your mouth moist. A common side effect of some drugs is dry mouth. either as a result of ageing or radiation treatment for cancer. Less frequently, a disorder that affects the salivary glands directly may be the source of dry mouth.

Reduced saliva production and dry mouth can have a significant impact on your general health. The health of Dental care and gums, as well as your appetite and enjoyment of eating. They can also be merely bothersome.

Symptoms

You may experience all or most of the following indications and symptoms if your saliva production is inadequate:

  • A dry tongue or a sensation of stickiness
  • Mouth that appears to be stringy and thick
  • Poor breath
  • Issues with swallowing, speaking, and chewing
  • Hoarseness, a dry or sore throat, and
  • Weak grooved or dry tongue
  • A transformed sense of fragrance
  • Issues with wearing dentures

Additionally, dry mouth may cause lipstick to adhere to the teeth.

Causes

When the salivary glands in the mouth are unable to produce enough saliva to keep your mouth moist, dry mouth results. These glands could malfunction as a result of:

Medications: Dry mouth is a side effect of hundreds of medications, including several over-the-counter medicines. In addition to various antihistamines, decongestants, muscle relaxants, and opioids, some medicines used to treat depression High blood pressure, and anxiety among the ones that are more likely to result in issues.

Aging: Dry mouth is a common symptom for elderly adults. Some drugs, changes in the body’s capacity to handle pharmaceuticals, poor nutrition, and having ongoing health issues are contributing causes.

Cancer therapy: Chemotherapy medications can alter the kind and quantity of saliva produced during cancer treatment. If the handling is successful, the normal salivary flow may resume, making this just transitory. Saliva manufacture might expressively decrease as a outcome of salivary gland harm brought on by radiation treatments to the head and neck. Depending on the radioactivity dose and the treated location, this could be either temporary or permanent.

Nerve damage: You may experience dry mouth as a result of an injury or surgery that damages the nerves in your head and neck.

Other health conditions: Dry mouth may be caused by autoimmune disorders like Sjogren’s syndrome or HIV/AIDS, as well as by ailments like diabetes, stroke, oral yeast infection (thrush), Alzheimer’s disease, or other health conditions. Dry mouth might also result from mouth breathing and snoring.

Tobacco and alcohol use: Alcohol use, smoking, or tobacco use can all worsen the effects of dry mouth.

Recreational drug use: Methamphetamine usage can result in “meth mouth,” a disease marked by extreme dry mouth and tooth destruction. Cannabis might also result in dry mouth.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will likely evaluate your medical history, all of the medications you are currently taking, including over-the-counter medications, and do a mouth exam in order to identify the source of your dry mouth.

To determine the source of your dry mouth, you may occasionally need blood tests, salivary gland imaging scans, or tests that gauge how much saliva you make. Your doctor may request a small sample of cells (biopsy) from the salivary glands in your lip if they have a suspicion that Sjogren’s syndrome is the root of your dry mouth.

Treatment

Your course of action is determined by the root of your dry mouth. Your physician or dentist could:

  • Modify drugs that make you feel dry mouthed. If your doctor suspects medication is to blame, he or she might change your dosage or prescribe a different drug that doesn’t cause dry mouth.
  • Offer mouth moisturiser product recommendations. These could include artificial saliva, mouth moisturizers’, or prescription or over-the-counter mouth rinses. Mouthwashes made for dry mouth, especially those that contain xylitol, can be helpful. Examples include Biotene Dry Mouth Oral Rinse and Act Dry Mouth Mouthwash, both of which provide tooth decay protection.

What to anticipate from your physician

You might expect to receive multiple inquiries from your doctor. Be prepared to respond to them so that you may set aside time to discuss any ideas you want to expand on. Your doctor might query:

  • When did the symptoms first appear?
  • Have your symptoms been ongoing or only sporadically present?
  • Have you lately begun taking any new medications?
  • Do you smoke or use tobacco chew?
  • Do you smoke or use tobacco chew?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or increase salivation?
  • What—if anything—seems to make your problems worse?

Complications

  • Insufficient saliva can cause dry mouth, which can result in:
  • gum disease, teeth decay, and more plaque
  • oral sores
  • Poison with mushroom in the opening (thrush)
  • cracked lips, sores, or split skin around your mouth’s corners
  • Beneficial deficiencies brought on by difficulties allowing and eating
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