Human Chorionic Gonadotropin – Why Is It So Important During Pregnancy?

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Human Chorionic Gonadotropin – Why Is It So Important During Pregnancy?

HCG helps women during the initial phases of pregnancy and is also used to treat a variety of ailments occurring in both men and women. Sold under the brand names of Novarel, Ovidrel, and Pregnyl, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin primarily helps the egg develop normally in the ovary of a woman. It also helps release the egg during ovulation, once their development is complete.

The other main uses of HCG in males are to increase the sperm count and to treat the pituitary gland disorder in young boys. This disorder prevents the testicles from dropping down to the scrotum normally. In women, HCG can be of great help to treat infertility. Buy HCG online that is a miraculous drug which has these and many other uses.

What role does HCG play in pregnancy and fertility?

The substance HCG is produced naturally in pregnant women, beginning early in pregnancy and peaking at around the 14th week. Some pregnancy tests are based on checking for HCG in a woman’s urine, and the risk of birth defects can also be assessed by examining the level of HCG.

One of the important roles that HCG plays in the body is making sure that the developing fetus gets the nutrients and calories necessary for proper growth, without much dependence on the woman’s food intake. It does so by accessing the fat stored in the woman’s body and making it available to the fetus.

Humans tend to like fatty foods because we are historically “programmed” to store up bodily reserves against possible lean times to come. For women, that excess fat usually ends up in the hips, buttocks, thighs and abdomen.

When a woman is at the beginning of her pregnancy, at a time when she may not yet be aware that she is pregnant, the HCG in her blood ensures that the fetus gets the “food” it needs, even if the mother is not yet eating for two. The production of HCG slows after the first weeks of pregnancy, at which point the woman is more likely to be conscious of eating to sustain her own and her fetus’ health.

HCG stands for human chorionic gonadotropin. The “gonadotropin” part means that it helps promote genital development. It has been used to treat boys with disorders of the pituitary gland whose genital development is delayed.

Not only is HCG useful during pregnancy, it can also help women get pregnant. This phenomenon was noticed soon after the hormone was discovered by doctors in 1927. Within a few years it was being used as a fertility treatment and has FDA approval as such.

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta after implantation.The presence of HCG is detected in some pregnancy tests (HCG pregnancy strip tests).

Some cancerous tumors produce this hormone; therefore, elevated levels measured when the patient is not pregnant can lead to a cancer diagnosis and, if high enough, paraneoplastic syndromes. However, it is not known whether this production is a contributing cause or an effect of carcinogenesis. The pituitary analog of HCG, known as luteinizing hormone (LH), is produced in the pituitary gland of males and females of all ages.

Regarding endogenous forms of HCG, there are various ways to categorize and measure them, including total HCG, C-terminal peptide total HCG, intact HCG, free β-subunit HCG, β-core fragment HCG, hyperglycosylated HCG, nicked HCG, alpha HCG, and pituitary HCG.

Regarding pharmaceutical preparations of hCG from animal or synthetic sources, there are many gonadotropin preparations, some of which are medically justified and others of which are of a quack nature. As of December 6, 2011, the United States Food and Drug Administration has prohibited the sale of “homeopathic” and over-the-counter HCG diet products and declared them fraudulent and illegal

Evelopment of Pregnancy

After an egg is fertilized by a sperm in the fallopian tube, it moves down the tube within a span of 9 days. On reaching the uterus, it implants itself on the uterine walls, following which HCG is released into the blood by the placenta. The blood before the first missed menstrual period, as well as the urine, carries traces of HCG. A very important role is played by HCG in maintaining pregnancy and developing the fetus.

Along with keeping the corpus luteum alive, HCG also stimulates fetal testosterone production that helps in developing the masculine sexual organs. It also facilitates corticosteroid production and suppresses maternal lymphocyte responses. This results in reducing the response from the mother to the placenta’s fetal side. The mother’s body will not treat the placenta and fetus as entirely foreign bodies.

Monitoring Its Levels

With the passage of the first 14 to 16 weeks following the LMP (Last Menstrual Period), the level of HCG increases progressively. It is at its highest in the 14th week, and decreases slowly from thereon. The amount of HCG present in your body can reveal many things about the health of the baby as well as the pregnancy in general. After the delivery, no traces of HCG may be found in the mother’s blood.

Usage

A normal dosage would be that which is prescribed by your doctor. The doses should not exceed this amount, as an overdose can cause some serious damage. HCG is normally administered as an injection into a muscle or under the skin. You can get your doctor, nurse, or any healthcare provider to give this injection to you. If none of these are available immediately, you can self-inject the drug, provided you have the complete knowledge of giving injections and disposing off the used needles and syringes. Once you take the drug, follow up with your doctor to make sure it is delivering the designed results regarding that particular condition.

Possible Side Effects

Although not life-threatening, an overdose of HCG can be very dangerous. So buy HCG injections only after receiving prescription from a doctor. If any unusual symptoms of negative effects start arising, you should seek medical help immediately. Clotting of Blood is a typical side effect, whose symptoms can be pain, redness, numbness, warmth, or tingling in your arm or leg.

Other known side effects that are not too grave are confusion, severe headache, or extreme dizziness. Women using HCG can fall prey to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which is a life-threatening ailment. Typical symptoms of OHSS are swelling of the hands or legs, severe pelvic pain, stomach pain and swelling, weight gain, shortness of breath, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, or urinating less than normal.

Some of the less serious side effects include headache, restlessness or irritability, mild swelling or water weight gain, depressive feelings, tenderness or swelling in the breasts, or pain, swelling, or irritation in the area where the injection is given.

Conclusion

Weighing the advantages and disadvantages, one should carefully know when the use of extra HCG is actually required. Although it can be a lifesaving drug, you also need to take into consideration the negative effects it can have on your body. If you don’t know where to buy HCG drops, you can research online to find a suitable source. HCG injections are available online on this website for purchase.

What Happens if My hCG Levels Do Not Go Up?

Most pregnant women don’t track their HCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin, levels unless they have undergone fertility treatment or are experiencing pregnancy complications.

Produced by the growing placenta during pregnancy, hCG is the hormone that home pregnancy tests detect in the urine. With a home pregnancy test, all you get is a positive or negative result. Blood tests, on the other hand, measure the actual amount of hCG present in the blood. If your blood levels of hCG don’t rise appropriately, this may indicate that there is a problem with your pregnancy.

Normal HCG Levels

Normal hCG levels vary considerably from one woman to another, so they are reported as a range of values. For example, at 3 to 4 weeks after implantation of the embryo into the wall of the uterus, a normal hCG level may range anywhere from 500 to 10,000 IU/L.

According to an article published in May 2007 in “Canadian Family Physician”, hCG levels rise most quickly during the first several weeks of pregnancy, doubling about every 2 days. By the 8th to 10th week of pregnancy, the rate of increase slows, with hCG levels typically doubling about every 5 days. hCG levels generally peak by the 14th week of pregnancy, after which they begin to fall and then stabilize at a lower level.

Repeating Your Blood Tests

If your hCG level doesn’t rise during early pregnancy, especially during the first 8 to 10 weeks, your doctor will probably repeat your blood test. Even during early pregnancy, a single hCG reading that is similar to the previous level may be normal, but if the repeat hCG level remains the same or has fallen, this suggests that the pregnancy may not be progressing normally. Looking at your hCG levels over time is an important way for your doctor to assess whether you will continue to have a normal pregnancy.

Correlating hCG With Ultrasound

hCG levels are not the only way to determine whether your pregnancy is progressing normally. Your doctor will most likely recommend an ultrasound if you have a plateauing or falling hCG level in early pregnancy, depending on how high your hCG has risen.

Typically, doctors would expect to see evidence of a pregnancy on ultrasound by the time your hCG level has reached 1,000 to 2,000 IU/L. Failure to see a gestational sac — the fluid-filled area surrounding a developing fetus — at this stage could indicate that there is a problem with your pregnancy.

Pregnancy Loss or Ectopic Pregnancy

hCG levels that rise more slowly than expected or stop rising during early pregnancy may be an early indicator that the pregnancy will end in a miscarriage. Less commonly, a low or plateauing hCG level during early pregnancy is caused by an ectopic pregnancy, in which the embryo starts to grow outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.

An ultrasound can help your doctor determine whether you have an ectopic pregnancy. If you have symptoms of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, such as vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain, contact your doctor immediately.

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