Occupational Therapy: What Is It And How Is It Beneficial For Kids With ASD


People of all ages suffering from sensory, physical, or mental issues can benefit from occupational therapy. Occupational therapists assist with obstacles that interfere with a person's social, emotional, and physical requirements.

To achieve this, therapists employ various treatments, practices, and commonplace activities. Occupational therapy is sensory-based, and the therapist's interventions will support children in becoming more aware of their sensory systems and how to supervise sensory input effectively.

What is occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy is designed to help people with autism maintain their health and well- being through various activities. This therapy makes patients engage in activities of daily living. It supports children's day-to-day actions, improves their educational performance, and supports them in playing with their peers. Besides, it enhances their sense of achievement and self- worth.

The ability of the children to immerse in the activities they need to do or prefer to do are expected to be improved by occupational therapists. They will assist kids with occupational involvement by changing the activity or the surroundings. The occupational therapists will assess, plan, intervene, and cooperate with kids who have autism.

What are the advantages of occupational therapy for children
with autism?

Many children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) each year. It can significantly influence the kid's engagement and performance in school and other facets like motor skills, social interaction, communication, etc. Check out the below pointers to know how occupational therapy benefits kids with an autism spectrum disorder.

  • Sensory skills
    Kids with autism spectrum disorders often suffer from sensory modulation issues. Due to that, it is challenging for them to interpret sensory information such as touch, sight, taste, sound, smell, balance, body position, etc. Occupational therapists assist the child and family in determining issues using various methods and strategies, like the sensory integration method. Additionally, they employ age-specific techniques that promote self-control and skill development and aid in task completion.
  • Emotion controlling skills
    The abilities required to successfully control and deal with emotions are referred to as emotion management skills. Kids with ASD typically struggle in this area, finding it challenging to understand feelings. The children will receive aid from an occupational therapist to enhance
    their emotion-controlling capability. Various techniques will be employed, such as games, role- playing exercises, and video-based activities.
  • Develop motor skills
    Children with autism spectrum disorder issues frequently suffer from motor skill impairment. The OT will look for ways to assist the kid in gaining strength and stamina during the assessment procedure so they can finish their everyday tasks. Small hand movements like writing, picking things up, etc., require fine motor abilities. Walking, running, and moving limbs require gross motor abilities.
  • Organisation and time management
    Occupational therapists work with the parents to create visual aids that help kids complete chores more efficiently and with better organisation. For the child's morning ritual, creating visual assistance using words, drawings, or both might be advantageous. To complete every step of their daily ritual, other kids might require more visual aids. So, depending on the kid's ability, the OT will develop a detailed plan and an ideal list of activities.
  • Interaction and social skills
    Children with autism spectrum disorder frequently struggle to comprehend the concept of social interactions. The OTs will help them acquire these social and interaction abilities. They will do this by role-playing, using friends as role models, and developing inventive ways to help the kid comprehend social conventions and unspoken rules of social contact, etc.

An occupational therapist will help kids with autism to learn fundamental everyday life skills, develop fine motor skills, and enhance eye-to-hand coordination. In addition, occupational therapy will assist in preparing ASD kids to learn optimistic behaviours and sociable abilities. OTs also use special gear to support the autism kids in learning how to do things independently.


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