Vitamin D is essential for bone and dental health, among other things. It may also aid in the prevention of a number of diseases and conditions, including type 1 diabetes.
Vitamin D is a prohormone, or a precursor to a hormone, rather than a vitamin, despite its name.
Vitamins are nutrients that the body cannot produce and must be obtained from the diet. The body, on the other hand, may generate vitamin D.
This article discusses the benefits of vitamin D, what happens to the body when people don’t get enough, and how to boost vitamin D intake.
Benefits of Vitamin D
Vitamin D serves a variety of purposes in the human body. It helps with :
• encouraging bone and tooth health
• promoting pulmonary and cardiovascular health
• affecting the expression of genes that play a role in the development of cancer
Continue reading to learn more about these roles:
1. Strong bones
Vitamin D is important in the regulation of calcium and the preservation of phosphorus levels in the bloodTrusted Source. These minerals are necessary for maintaining bone health.
Vitamin D is essential for calcium activation and absorption in the intestines, as well as reclaiming calcium that would otherwise be expelled by the kidneys.
Vitamin D deficiency in youngsters can induce rickets, which causes the bones to weaken, resulting in a severely bowlegged appearance.
In adults, vitamin D insufficiency causes osteomalacia, or softening of the bones. Osteomalacia causes muscle weakness and low bone density.
Osteoporosis, which affects over 52 million individuals in the United States and puts them at danger, can be caused by a vitamin D shortage.
2. Flu risk is reduced
Some studies had revealed that vitamin D has a protective impact against the influenza virus, according to a 2018 reviewTrusted Source of current data.
Other studies, on the other hand, concluded that vitamin D had no effect on flu and flu risk.
To validate the protective effect of vitamin D against the flu, more research is needed.
3. Children who are in good health
Vitamin D insufficiency has been linked to high blood pressure in children. A 2018 study found a possible link between low vitamin D levels and arterial wall stiffness in children.
According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, evidence supports a relationship between insufficient vitamin D exposure and an increased risk of allergy sensitization.
Children who live closer to the equator, for example, have lower rates of hospitalisation for allergies and fewer prescriptions for epinephrine autoinjectors. They’re also less likely to be allergic to peanuts.
The AAAAI also highlights an egg intake research conducted in AustraliaTrusted Source. Vitamin D is commonly obtained via eggs in the early stages of life.
Children who began eating eggs after the age of 6 months were more likely to develop food allergies than those who began between the ages of 4 and 6 months.
Furthermore, vitamin D may improve glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory actions. As a result of this advantage, it may be effective as a complementary therapy. For patients with steroid-resistant asthma, this is a reliable resource.
4. Pregnancy that is healthy
A look ahead to 2019
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy increases the risk of preeclampsia and early birth, according to Trusted Source.
According to physicians, vitamin D insufficiency in pregnant women has been related to gestational diabetes and bacterial vaginosis.
It’s also worth noting that, according to a 2013 studyTrusted Source, high vitamin D levels during pregnancy are connected to an increased risk of food allergy in children during their first two years of life.
Despite the fact that the body has the ability to manufacture vitamin D, a deficiency can occur for a variety of reasons.
Skin type : Darker skin and sunscreen, for example, diminish the body’s ability to absorb ultraviolet radiation B (UVB) photons from the sun. In order to produce vitamin D, the skin must be exposed to sunlight.
Sunscreen : Sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 can impair the body’s ability to produce the vitamin by up to 96%. Vitamin D production can also be inhibited by covering the skin with garments.
Geographical location : People who live in northern latitudes or high-pollution areas, work night shifts, or are homebound should strive to get as much vitamin D as possible from food sources.
Breastfeeding : Vitamin D supplements are required for exclusively breastfed infants, especially if their skin is dark or they have minimal sun exposure. All breastfeeding infants should consume 400 international units (IU) of oral vitamin D per day, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Vitamin D deficiency can result in the following signs and symptoms :
• illness or infection on a regular basis
• back and bone discomfort
• gloomy mood
• wound healing is slowed
• hair thinning
• muscular ache
If vitamin D insufficiency persists for an extended length of time, it can lead to consequences such as :
• conditions of the cardiovascular system
• autoimmune issues
• disorders of the nervous system
• complications during pregnancy
• malignancies of the breast, prostate, and colon, to name a few.
Food sources of vitamin D
The greatest strategy to help the body manufacture adequate vitamin D is to expose it to enough sunlight. Vitamin D can be found in a wide range of foods, including the following :
• salmon, mackerel, and tuna are examples of fatty fish.
• yolks of eggs
• liver of beef
• milk with added vitamins
• cereals and drinks with added vitamins
What you should know Sun Protection and Vitamin D ?
While the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light can provide a small amount of vitamin D, the health dangers of UV exposure, including skin cancer, are significant . Instead, obtain your vitamin D from fatty salmon, fortified dairy products and cereals, and supplements, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. Continue reading to find out how to get the most vitamin D.0 200