Absence Seizure : Causes , Symptoms , Treatment

absence sezuir

A brief interval of “blanking out” or looking into space occurs during an Absence Seizure. They are triggered by short aberrant electrical activity in a person’s brain, just like other types of Seizures.
An Absence Seizure is a generalised onset seizure, which means it occurs simultaneously on both sides of the brain.

Petit mal Seizures is an older term.
Absence Seizures normally just affect a person’s knowledge of what is happening at the time, and they recover quickly.

What Are Absence Seizures and What Causes Them?

Epilepsy is a Seizure-inducing nervous system condition. Seizures are brief alterations in brain function. Different varieties of epilepsy are classified and treated based on the type of seizure they trigger. Absence seizures, also known as petit mal seizures, are transient seizures that last less than 15 seconds and have mild symptoms. Absence seizures can be dangerous if there is a loss of consciousness, even if it is only for a short time.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Seizure of Absence?

Children aged 5 to 9 years old are the most typically affected by absence seizures. Adults can also be affected. Both absence and grand mal seizures can occur in children with epilepsy. The symptoms of grand mal seizures are more severe and stay longer.
The following are symptoms of an absence seizure :

• peering into the void
• smacking the insides of the lips
eyelids that flutter
• speech interruption in the middle of a sentence
• making quick movements with your hands
• forward or backward leaning
• abruptly becoming motionless

Adults frequently misinterpret absence seizures in children for misbehaviour or inattention. The first person to notice a child’s absence seizure symptoms is usually the child’s teacher. The child will appear to be missing from their body for a short time.

You can tell whether someone is having an absence seizure because they are completely oblivious to their environment, even to touch or sound. Auras or warning sensations may precede grand mal seizures. Absence seizures, on the other hand, usually strike quickly and without warning. As a result, it’s critical to take care to protect the patient.

Who Is at Risk of Experiencing Absence Seizures?

Children between the ages of 4 and 14 are the most susceptible to absence seizures. Absence seizures can also affect older teens and adults.
Absence seizures can go unnoticed for months or even years before they are recognised as a problem.

What is the source of this lag?

People frequently misinterpret absence seizures as daydreaming or not paying attention.
Children are more likely to have absence seizures, and paying attention is a typical challenge for them. Because daydreaming can occur frequently in school for a variety of reasons, determining whether the staring is a seizure or not can be difficult.

What Is the Treatment for Absence Seizures?

Absence seizures can be treated with anti-seizure medicines. It can take a long time to find the proper drug through trial and error. Anti-seizure drugs may be started in modest dosages by your doctor. Based on your results, they may change the dose.

The following are some examples of drugs that are used to treat absence seizures:
• ethosuximide is a kind of ethosuximide that is (Zarontin)
• lamotrigine is a type of lamotrigine that is (Lamictal)
• Valproic acid is a kind of valproic acid (Depakene, Stavzor)

Valproic acid should not be taken by pregnant or planning to become pregnant women since it raises the risk of birth abnormalities.

Factors that are at risk

Children with absence seizures have a number of characteristics, including :
Age.Children between the ages of 4 and 14 are more likely to have absence seizures.

Sex.Girls are more likely to have absence seizures.

Seizures in members of the family.Nearly half of all children with absence seizures have a seizure-prone relative.

Complications
While the majority of children grow out of absence seizures, some:
• Anti-seizure drugs must be taken for the rest of one’s life to avoid seizures.
• Full convulsions, such as generalised tonic-clonic seizure, will eventually occur.

Other issues that may arise include:
• Problems with learning
• Problems with behaviour
• Isolation from others

What Should I Do If I Suspect My Child Is Suffering From Absence Seizures?

If you suspect your kid is suffering absence seizures, speak with your child’s doctor as soon as possible. Other types of seizures can be confused with absence seizures. Another reason why it’s critical that your child sees a doctor for a proper diagnosis is because of this. Consult an epilepsy specialist if the diagnosis is unclear or your kid continues to have problems (called an epileptologist).

During a seizure, children who have absence seizures are usually not in danger. Absence seizures, on the other hand, may cause your youngster to become agitated.

• Having difficulties in school?
• Do you have social issues?
• Misbehave more frequently

How might your child be affected by absence seizures?

Absence seizures are produced by abnormal brain activity, resulting in a momentary loss of consciousness. Absence seizures usually last no more than 15 seconds, but the loss of awareness can make it difficult to pay attention in class and study, especially if they happen several times a day. Absence seizures can cause children to miss out on things during the day and possibly put them in danger.

There is no evidence that absence seizures harm the brain. Certain activities, on the other hand, can be risky for children who have absence seizures.

“You should supervise your child during specific activities, even if they are receiving treatment,” Dr. Gotoff added. “Children with absence seizures, for example, should be watched when swimming or bathing.”

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