What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, the main type of sugar in the blood.
What Happens in Diabetes?
Our bodies separate the foods we eat into glucose and different supplements we need, which are then assimilated into the circulation system from the gastrointestinal tract. The glucose level in the blood ascends after a supper and triggers the pancreas to make the hormone insulin and discharge it into the circulatory system. Be that as it may, in individuals with diabetes, the body either can’t make or can’t react to insulin appropriately.
Insulin works like a key that opens the ways to cells and gives the glucose access. Without insulin, glucose can’t get into the cells (the entryways are “bolted” and there is no key) thus it remains in the circulatory system. Accordingly, the degree of sugar in the blood stays higher than typical. High blood sugar levels are a problem because they can cause a number of health problems.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas stops producing insulin a hormone that allows the body to get energy from food. Its onset has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle.
With type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t use insulin properly—which is known as insulin resistance. As a result, your pancreas makes extra insulin to compensate, but over time it is unable to keep up.
What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
The two types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. Both make blood sugar levels higher than normal but they do so in different ways.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas loses its ability to make insulin because the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. No one knows exactly why this happens, but scientists think it has something to do with genes. But just getting the genes for diabetes isn’t usually enough. A person probably would then have to be exposed to something else like a virus to get type 1 diabetes.
Who Gets Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes can’t be forestalled, and there is no genuine method to anticipate who will get it. Nothing that either a parent or the child did caused the disease.
When an individual has type 1 diabetes, it doesn’t leave and requires long lasting treatment. Children and youngsters with sort 1 diabetes rely upon day by day insulin infusions or an insulin pump to control their blood glucose levels.
Type 1 Diabetes in Children
The most common type of diabetes in children is type 1 diabetes. Indeed, as per the American Diabetes Association, type 1 diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in children. Type 1 diabetes records for 5 percent of all analyzed cases of diabetes in the U.S.
Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes in Children
One of the early indications of diabetes in children is expanded pee and thirst. At the point when glucose is high it triggers a response in the body that pulls liquid from tissues. This will leave your child or girl always parched, bringing about a requirement for more washroom breaks for the duration of the day. Below are some other warning signs that you should be aware of.
- High levels of sugar in the blood when tested
- High levels of sugar in the urine when tested
- Unusual thirst
- Abdominal pain
- Frequent urination; a baby may need more frequent diaper changes; a previously toilet-trained child may start wetting his or her pants or bed.
- Extreme hunger but loss of weight; loss of appetite may be seen in younger children.
- Weakness and fatigue
- Blurred vision
- Yeast infection in girls
- Nausea and vomiting
- Irritability and mood changes
- Serious diaper rash that does not respond to treatment
- Fruity breath and rapid breathing
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes may resemble other problems or medical conditions. Always consult your child’s doctor for a diagnosis.
How Is Type 1 Diabetes Treated?
Treatment means good diabetes control to minimize symptoms; avert medical issues; and help children have typical physical, mental, enthusiastic, and social development and improvement. To do this, guardians and children should plan to keep glucose levels inside the objective range however much as could be expected.
When all is said in done, kids with sort 1 diabetes need to:
- take insulin as recommended
- eat a sound, offset diet with exact starch checks
- check glucose levels as endorsed
- get customary physical movement
Following the treatment plan enables children to remain sound, yet treating diabetes isn’t equivalent to restoring it. At this moment, there’s no remedy for diabetes, so kids with sort 1 diabetes will require treatment for the remainder of their lives. Yet, with legitimate consideration, they should look and feel solid and proceed to live long, productive lives, just like other kids.
How Is Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosed?
Doctors can say without a doubt if an individual has diabetes by testing blood tests for glucose. At the point when high blood sugars demonstrate that a tyke has diabetes, other blood tests are generally done to help specialists see whether the youngster has type 1 or sort 2 diabetes, since the board and treatment of the diabetes may vary dependent on sort.
In the event that diabetes is suspected or affirmed, the specialist may allude your kid to a pediatric endocrinologist, a specialist who represents considerable authority in the determination and treatment of children with maladies of the endocrine framework, such as diabetes and growth disorders.
What Problems Can Happen With Type 1 Diabetes?
If early indications of diabetes are missed and treatment isn’t begun, synthetic substances called ketones can develop in the blood and cause stomach torment, queasiness, heaving, fruity-smelling breath, breathing issues, and even loss of awareness. Now and then these manifestations are confused with this season’s flu virus or an infected appendix. Specialists call this genuine condition diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA.
Diabetes also can cause long haul complexities in certain individuals, including coronary illness, stroke, vision debilitation, and kidney harm. It additionally can cause different issues all through the body in the veins, nerves, and gums. While these issues don’t more often than not appear in children or adolescents who’ve had type 1 diabetes for just a couple of years, they can influence them in adulthood, especially if their diabetes isn’t all around controlled.
There’s uplifting news, however legitimate treatment can stop or control these diabetes symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term problems.
What’s New in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes?
Doctors and researchers are developing new equipment and treatments to help kids cope with the special problems of growing up with diabetes.
Some kids and teens are already using devices that make blood glucose testing and insulin injections easier, less painful, and more effective. One of these is the insulin pump, a mechanical device that can deliver insulin more like the pancreas does. There’s also been progress toward the development of a wearable or implantable “artificial pancreas.” This consists of an insulin pump linked to a device that measures the person’s blood glucose level continuously.
Doctors and scientists are investigating a potential cure for diabetes. This involves transplanting insulin-producing cells into the body of a person with diabetes. Researchers are also testing ways to stop diabetes before it starts. For example, scientists are studying whether diabetes can be prevented in those who may have inherited an increased risk for the disease.
How Can I Help My Child?
Parents can enable their children to lead more joyful, more advantageous lives by giving consistent consolation, realizing what they can about diabetes, and ensuring their youngsters eat appropriately, exercise, and remain over sugar control every day.
Kids and teens with diabetes need to monitor and control their glucose levels. They need to:
- check blood sugar levels a few times a day by testing a small blood sample
- give themselves insulin injections, have an adult give them injections, or use an insulin pump
- eat a balanced, healthy diet and pay special attention to the amounts of sugars and starches in the food they eat and the timing of their meals
- get regular exercise to help control blood sugar levels and help avoid some of the long-term health problems that diabetes can cause, like heart disease
- work closely with their doctor and diabetes health care team to get the best possible diabetes control
- be watched for signs of complications and other diabetes-related health problems
Living with diabetes is a challenge for anyone, but kids and teens often have special issues to deal with. Young kids probably won’t comprehend why they need blood tests and medicines. They may be terrified, irate, and uncooperative.
Teens may feel not quite the same as their friends and need a more joyful way of life than their diabetes permits. Notwithstanding when they dependably pursue their treatment plan, they may feel disappointed if the regular body changes of adolescence make their diabetes fairly harder to control.
Having a child with diabetes may appear to be overpowering now and again, however you’re not the only one. On the off chance that you have questions or issues, connect with the diabetes human services group they can help with restorative issues, and are there to support and help you and your child.