Animals have strong immunity, which protects their body from unfavorable influence of the environment. To physiological mechanisms, protecting the body, could work properly, people just have to create comfortable conditions for their pets. But just like people, pets get sick sometimes, and thus they also need treatment.
Pets are prescribed with different pets meds that has antibacterial, analgesic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory and (or) antiparasitic activity. Regardless of the type and severity of animal disease, only a veterinarian can assign the proper treatment course. Because pets meds must be taken in optimal dosage, and pets might need some additional procedures during the treatment.
In order to cure bacterial infectious diseases in pets, pets meds with antibacterial effect are prescribed. Antibiotics inhibit the synthesis of pathogenic microorganisms and stop the progression of bacterial infection. Some pets meds not only have antibacterial effect, but bactericidal effect as well. And those pets meds, which contain two or more antibacterial agents, are prescribed for the treatment of diseases, caused by several pathogens of bacterial infections.
The most-prescribed pets meds for the treatment of bacterial infections in domestic birds, cats, dogs, cattle, horses and fur pets, are: Penicillin, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin and Erythromycin. Often bacterial infections are accompanied by inflammation in the soft tissues.
Pet’s appearance attracts attention of people around. That’s why owners do their best to make their pets look well-groomed, surprising their guests by nobility, grace and strength. But despite the good care, pets can be infected by parasites that not only worsen their appearance, but are harmful to health.
No less important fact is that pets, infected by parasites, can infect humans. Thus treatment of parasitic infection in pets should be carried out timely. In modern veterinary antiparasitic pets meds are used for the treatment of parasitic infections in pets. These pets meds are able to kill the external and internal parasites (ticks, fleas and worms).
Pets meds, prescribed to eliminate the external parasites, are called insecticides. Those pets meds that have insecticide properties, are available in: solution, spray, powder, emulsion and tablets.
To fight against ectoparasites, living on the pet’s skin, veterinarians use topical pets meds that can kill fleas and ticks, including those that are in incubation stage. One of the most effective topical pets meds, prescribed for getting rid of fleas and ticks in cats and dogs, is Selamectin. In drugstores, this medicine is available under the original trademark Revolution.
Topical solution Revolution (Selamectin) effectively destroys several types of parasites at once, yet it is contraindicated for some pets. Topical pets meds, containing Selamectin, cannot be used for parasites control, if:
* dog’s age is less than 6 weeks;
* cat’s age is less than 8 weeks.
In case dog’s or cat’s intestines are infected by parasite worms, they should be prescribed with oral pets meds, effectively removing the worms. Considering that pet’s gastrointestinal tract might be infected by several kinds of parasitic worms at the same time, it is rational to prescribe them combination pets meds.
Using pets meds that contain several active pharmaceutical ingredients at once, allows to several times increase the efficiency of parasitic infection therapy.
Combined pets meds that are most often prescribed to eliminate parasitic worms, contain such active ingredients as: Toluene and Dichlorophene. In pharmacies, such oral pets meds are sold under the trademarks: Vermiplex Paracide, Anaplex, Canine and Feline Wormer Caps, Zodiac 3 In 1 Worm Capsules and Difolin.
The common recommendation for use of the listed above oral pets meds, is food restrictions.
Cats and dogs, infected by parasitic worms, are not recommended to drink milk and eat solid food:
* 12 hours before taking the pets meds dose;
* within 4 hours after taking pets meds dose.
If cat or dog suffer from pain, itching and vomiting, caused by parasitic infection, veterinarian can prescribe some tranquilizers in addition to antiparasitic pets meds. Pets meds with sedative effect are injected intravenously or intramuscularly as a rule. Therefore in order to make the injection, pets must be regularly taken to veterinarian.
To relieve severe pain, hyperactive cats and dogs can be prescribed with injectable pets meds, containing pharmaceutical ingredient Triflupromazine Hydrochloride. In drugstores, these kind of pets meds come on sale as Vetame trademark. And in order to ease mild to moderate pain, cats and dogs should take oral pets meds, containing Triflupromazine Hydrochloride. Oral pets meds that provide moderate analgesic and sedative effect, are available under the trade name Diquel.
To prescribe effective pets meds that can kill parasitic infection, one should identify the kind of parasite. Because veterinarian can prescribe optimal doses of safe and effective pets meds only after having identified the parasite kind and severity of infection.
The anti-inflammatory pets meds can be administered for the treatment of various diseases, occurring in pets due to burns, traumas, contusions, open wounds or mechanical injuries. Inflammatory process may cause: fever, impaired metabolism and pain syndrome.
In order to treat the inflammatory disease, veterinarians use pets meds that are produced in form of cream, spray, injections and ointment. The most often prescribed anti-inflammatory pets meds are: Acetylsalicylic acid, Dexamethasone, Triamcinolone acetonide, Nystatin, Thiostrepton and Neomycin sulfate.
Topical pets meds with anti-inflammatory effect help to reduce inflammation, relieve the skin itching and also prevent infected area of the skin from drying and formation of wart.
Antiparasitic pets meds are used to destroy parasites on pets’ skin and inside the body. Antiparasitic drugs for pets are available in different dosage forms (injection solution, emulsions, powders, spray). And the most-prescribed pets meds that have antiparasitic effect, are: Cythioate, Trichlorfon, Dichlorvos and Ivermectin.
Just as people, pets may suffer from renal failure. Renal insufficiency in pets is a result of infection in the urinary tract, cystitis, nephritis, pyelonephritis and urethritis. The common symptoms of renal failure in pets is edema. But to cure edema in pets, veterinarians prescribe pets meds with diuretic activity.
Many pets diuretics used in veterinary, have anti-inflammatory and antiparasitic effect at the same time. So very often for the treatment of edema in pets, veterinarians prescribe such pets meds as: Chlorothiazide, Furosemide, Flumethasone, Methenamine and Sulfamethizole.
If an animal is in pain, including that pain, which is caused due to any kind of disease (like osteoarthritis), it needs to take analgesic therapy. To relieve the pain in pets, the following pets meds are prescribed: Carprofen, Oxymorphone Hydrochloride, Xylazine Hydrochloride and Detomidine Hydrochloride.
Unfortunately pets still can get sick, even if they live in comfort. Given that animals are diagnosed with the same diseases as people, many names of veterinary medicines are identical to medicines for treatment of human diseases.
Modern pets meds are not only prescribed to treat, but also to prevent different diseases. Contrary to popular belief, illness prophylaxis in pets involves both vaccination and use of immunomodulators, biostimulants, vitamins and microelements.
Pets meds can be administered for the prophylaxis of such diseases as: infectious hepatitis, distemper, parvovirus enteritis, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), panleukopenia, sarcoptic mange, demodicosis and many others.
Pets meds with immunomodulating properties are prescribed for animals to increase their natural resistance to infections or invasion. Immunomodulators enhance the immune system of animals, helping to prevent acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of different origin.
Pets meds with biostimulating properties, increase the physiological processes in the pets’ body, improve metabolism, regulating the functions of endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive and central nervous systems of a pet. In addition, biostimulants can increase the enzymatic activity of gastrointestinal tract, thereby improving digestion.
Pets meds used for vaccination, help to prepare a pet’s body to the influence of harmful organisms, bacteria, fungus or virus. After the vaccination, pets’ immune system starts to produce certain antibodies, which can neutralize a virus, injected with this vaccine.
Once a pet was vaccinated with pets meds, its body produces antibodies to the virus. Therefore if certain types of virus tries to affect the pet’s body, the immune system will block and neutralize the virus activity. To safely protect a pet’s body from infection, one should regularly do the vaccination.
To strengthen the immunity of pets, one should use more than just immunomodulators and biostimulants, vitamins rich in nutritious elements are also required. Pets meds, containing vitamins and essential microelements are usually prescribed for both prevention and treatment of the disease.
Pets meds that contain vitamins and minerals enrich the pet’s body with nutrients, also found in food but not enough for pet’s daily diet. Regular use of such pets meds enhances pet’s appetite, skin state, metabolism and strengthens the musculo-skeletal system.
In addition, pets meds containing vitamins and minerals, protect the pet’s body from aggressive impact of the environment, increasing the body resistance to different infections. But if vitamins and minerals are prescribed in the middle of the treatment course of some disease, it reduces the risk of complications and speeds up the recovery.
Modern veterinary offers a large range of pets meds that improve the length and quality of pets’ life. However, it should be noted that before giving a pet some pets meds, one has to consult a veterinarian.
Because when choosing pets meds, one should take into account several factors: severity of the disease, related risks and pet’s weight. In order to determine an optimal daily dose of pets meds, veterinarian should assess the common state and determine the age of a pet.
Dose regimen of pets meds for young and elderly pets may differ. But if the dosage of pets meds was adjusted improperly, pet may develop some complications during the treatment of the main disease. You can always find the information on maximal daily dose and recommended dose regimen of pets meds on the label.
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