Birth Control Medications List: Hormonal Oral Contraceptives
The key priority of modern medicine during development of new birth control medication list is taking care of your women’s reproductive health, her protection and promotion of safe motherhood. It is not secret that USA takes one of the first places where women prefer to do abortion than give a birth. It’s used be that abortion was only a surgery that like any other surgery could be very dangerous for a woman. To prevent any harm to your body it is better to prevent abortion and unwanted pregnancy at all by using quality birth control medications.
Current medicine offers a variety of contraceptive methods, and a woman can always choose what methods and medications to use to prevent unwanted pregnancy. The decision on the choice of contraceptive methods or birth control medications preferably has to be proved by your doctor. Only a qualified professional can assess the health status of women, to determine the indications of a contraceptive method, offer the best birth control medication from the list of all existing birth control pills.
Hormonal oral contraceptives as one of the most powerful in birth control medications list
In the United States over the past decade the use of hormonal contraceptives increased in 5 times. Reliability, ease of use, minimal side effects, a beneficial effect on the organs and systems of a female body are the main reasons why women all over the world choose from the orally taken birth control medications’ list. Women give preference today hormonal oral contraceptives as the most effective. The combined pills are the so-called “gold” standards of contraception. Their effectiveness is usually 99%.
Efficiency of birth control pills is estimated by counting the number of specialists with unplanned pregnancies during the year for every 100 women.
The latest birth control medications list contains the small dosages of hormones at the same time their efficiency and reliability have been maintained – in such way they became even more efficient than the first birth control tablets.
What are the latest birth control medications in the list:
- The acquisition of new analogues of female sex hormones – levonorgestrel;
- There progestogens III generation – desogestrel and gestodene;
- The latest contraceptives are mini pills, not containing progestogen.
Supplementation with a low concentration of hormones taken along with these birth control medications helps to reduce side effects and complications.
All birth control pills depending on the dosage of hormones, divided into the following types:
In monophase hormonal contraceptives daily dose of the active components is constant, and the composition may vary. It is understood that monophase preparations consist of tablets with the same dose of hormones. These tablets are the same color used for the same course. By popular monophase contraceptives include: Cilest, Novynette, Mercilon and Rigevidon.
Biphasic preparations suggest changing doses of hormones twice during the course of treatment; three-phase – three times, respectively. Typically, such pill for one course has a different color. The most popular two-phase birth control medications in the list are Tri-Cyclen, Thri-merci, Triziston.
Depending on the dosage of the active constituents, birth control medications list is divided into 4 types:
1. Mini pill
These birth control medications contain the minimum dose of the hormone of ethinylestradiol. Side effects associated with their use – is minimal. In some cases, they have the ability to remove the background of hormonal acne (especially in adolescence), painful menstruation. These pills are best suited for young girls up to 25 years old who have a regular sex life. The most popular are Thri-merci, Mercilon, Novynette.
2. Low-dose birth control pills
The formulations contain the same ethinylestradiol, but in combination with various hormones, desogestrel, gestodene, norgestimate or levonorgestrel. These birth control pills are recommended for young women. In addition to the contraceptive action, these agents have a pronounced anti-androgenic effect: help remove unwanted hair growth on the face, prevent the appearance of acne and hair loss on the background of hormonal imbalance. Popular pills in this category are Yasmin and Femodene.
3. Middle-dose pill
As a rule, contain two hormones ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel. Less may comprise other combinations of hormones. A middle-dose pill designed for women giving birth, especially those older than 30 years. They also have anti-androgenic effect, which is important for women who have not recovered from pregnancy and childbirth. Popular pills are Cilest.
4. High-dose birth control medications
In its composition are ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel, but only in high doses. Such means primarily used for the treatment and prevention of hormonal disorders. Contraceptives of this type may be taken by women older than 35 years. These pills include Levlen and Milvane.
Please, visit a doctor if you have any problem with the choice of birth control medications from the list of available ones.
Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) are medications that prevent pregnancy. They are one method of birth control. Oral contraceptives are hormonal preparations that may contain combinations of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. Combinations of estrogen and progestin prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the release of the hormones luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) from the pituitary glandin the brain. LH and FSH play key roles in the development of the egg and preparation of the lining of the uterus for implantation of the embryo. Progestin also makes the uterine mucus that surrounds the egg more difficult for sperm to penetrate and, therefore, for fertilization to take place. In some women, progestin inhibits ovulation (release of the egg).
There are different types of combination birth control pills that contain estrogen and progestin that are referred to as “monophasic,” “biphasic,” or “triphasic.”
- Monophasic birth control pills deliver the same amount of estrogen and progestin every day.
- Biphasic birth control pills deliver the same amount of estrogen every day for the first 21 days of the cycle. During the first half of the cycle, the progestin/estrogen ratio is lower to allow the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to thicken as it normally does during the menstrual cycle. During the second half of the cycle, the progestin/estrogen ratio is higher to allow the normal shedding of the lining of the uterus to occur.
- Triphasic birth control pills have constant or changing estrogen concentrations and varying progestin concentrations throughout the cycle. There is no evidence that bi- or triphasic oral contraceptives are safer or superior to monophasic oral contraceptives, or vice versa, in their effectiveness for the prevention of pregnancy.
Women take the pill by mouth to prevent pregnancy, and, when taken correctly, it is up to 99.9% effective. However, the pill does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). The latex male condom provides the best protection from most STDs. Other types of combined estrogen and progestin hormonal contraception include the patchand the vaginal ring.
How Does Hormonal Contraception Work?
A woman becomes pregnant when an egg released from her ovary (the organ that holds her eggs) is fertilized by a man’s sperm. The fertilized egg attaches to the inside of a woman’s womb (uterus), where it receives nourishment and develops into a baby. Hormones in the woman’s body control the release of the egg from the ovary — called ovulation — and prepare the body to accept the fertilized egg.
Birth control pill side effects
The most common side effects of the birth control pills include nausea, headache, breast tenderness, weight gain, irregular bleeding, and mood changes. These side effects often subside after a few months’ use. Scanty menstrual periods or breakthrough bleeding may occur but are often temporary, and neither side effect is serious. Women with a history of migraines may notice an increase in migraine frequency. On the other hand, women whose migraines are triggered by fluctuations in their own hormone levels may notice improvement in migraines with oral contraceptive use because of the more uniform hormone levels during oral contraceptive use. Uncommonly, oral contraceptives may contribute to increased blood pressure, blood clots, heart attack, and stroke. Women who smoke, especially those over 35, and women with certain medical conditions, such as a history of blood clots or breast or endometrial cancer, may be advised against taking oral contraceptives, as these conditions can increase the adverse risks of oral contraceptives.
What is the dosage for birth control pills, and how do I take them?
Many of the birth control pills come in easy-to-use dispensers in which the day of the week or a consecutive number (1, 2, 3, etc.) is written on the dispenser with a corresponding tablet for each day or number.
For example, some Ortho-Novum dispensers are labeled “Sunday” next to the first tablet. Thus, the first tablet is to be taken on the first Sunday after menstruation begins (the first Sunday following the first day of a woman’s period). If her period begins on Sunday, the first tablet should be taken on that day.
For birth control pills that use consecutive numbers, the first tablet (#1) is taken on the first day of the menstrual period (the first day of bleeding). Tablet #2 is taken on the second day and so on.
Still other packages instruct women to begin on day five of the cycle. For such products, women count from day one of their menstrual cycle (day one is the first day of bleeding). On the fifth day, the first tablet is taken. Tablets then are taken daily.
Most birth control pills are packaged as 21-day or 28-day units. For 21-day packages, tablets are taken daily for 21 days. This is followed by a seven-day period during which no birth control pills are taken. Then the cycle repeats.
For the 28-day units, tablets containing medication are taken for 21 consecutive days, followed by a seven-day period during which placebo tablets (containing no medication) are taken.
Newer formulations with 24 days of hormone pills and only four days of placebo pills are now available, as are continuous or extended-cycle oral contraceptive regimens, in which only active hormone pills are taken. Extended-cycle preparations include seven-day intervals of placebo pills to be taken approximately every three months.
Women just starting to take birth control pills should use additional contraception for the first seven days of use because pregnancy may occur during this period.
If women forget to take tablets, pregnancy may result. If a single tablet is forgotten, it should be taken as soon as it is realized that it is forgotten. If more than one tablet is forgotten, the instructions that come with the packaging should be consulted, or a physician or pharmacist should be called.
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